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William Reginald Gunn, the first University of Manitoba graduate, in 1880.

William Reginald Gunn, the first University of Manitoba graduate, in 1880.

An investigation into the university’s early graduates

June 1, 2017 — 

Almost a century after the U of M’s first convocation, a Winnipeg Tribune writer noted, “Back in 1880, someone probably turned to William Reginald Gunn and said at some point, ‘You’re going to be remembered as the first graduate from the University of Manitoba.’” (Winnipeg Tribune, October 14, 1977)

In fact, Gunn would be remembered for the next 137 years, not only as the first recipient of a University of Manitoba degree, but as an exemplary Manitoba College student, who took honours in Natural Sciences and was awarded the Governor General’s Silver Medal.

Now, it’s been confirmed, that first graduate was also Métis.

More graduates followed Gunn in 1881 but beyond names, graduation dates, and honours, not much more is known about the university’s first graduates. 

Though history has obscured the facts, a rumour persisted over the years: of the first seven graduates of the University of Manitoba, four graduates were Indigenous.

Following the historical trail

The rumour has circulated through the university and made its way to Archives & Special Collections. The claim has been made on multiple occasions though the statement is often preceded by “I’m not sure where I heard this, but…”

Despite its unclear origins, the unconfirmed account warranted further investigation and follow up in the University of Manitoba’s 140th year and in congruence with The Legacy of Alexander Kennedy Isbister exhibition series.

The multi-part exhibit, organized by Archives & Special Collections, explores the legacy of a Métis scholar and lawyer, Alexander Kennedy Isbister, who gifted $83,000 to the university in 1883, to fund a scholarship that would be awarded to students of merit, no matter their gender, “race, creed, language or nationality.”

Isbister’s vision of the university was one of inclusion and diversity, and a retrospective exploration of his legacy has involved retracing firsts in student achievements.

Confirming the historical record

Confirming the name and graduation date of the University of Manitoba’s first Indigenous student would support this aim and substantiate the rumour.

Accordingly, Archives & Special Collections set out to compile a list of those first seven graduates but instead, came up with a total of fifteen graduates between 1880 and 1882. In addition to being the first graduate, Gunn was also the only student to receive a degree in 1880.

Between 1881 and 1882, the U of M conferred another six degrees to Manitoba College students: George F. Munroe, J.B. Polworth, A.M. Campbell, R.G. McBeth, N. McCallum and R.R. Sutherland. Degrees were also awarded to W.T.B. Kennedy, R.F. McLennan, S.P. Matheson, George Mackay, Robert Machray and James Flett from St. John’s College, and Napoleon Betournay, Albert Betournay and Patrick Haverty from St. Boniface College.

With the list established, we hoped to identify the first Indigenous graduate among them by tracing their ancestry.

As a result, we can finally confirm the identity of the university’s first Métis graduate, who is also, as it happens, the university’s very first graduate.

Métis roots going back three generations

William Reginald Gunn’s great-grandmother on his mother’s side was a Cree woman named Agatha Kanapawanakan from York Factory. Less is known of his paternal great-grandmother but she was an Indigenous woman, believed to be Cree as well, living in the area of Fort Severn. His Métis roots go back three generations.

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Wiliam’s father:

 John Gunn, MLA, is listed as a Metis member of the Legislature. His scrip affidavit is below, along with his wife’s (WRG’s mother) and John’s mother’s (WRG’s grandmother).


Scrip Affidavit for WRG’s father:

JOHN GUNN MLA (WRG’s father)

fix_strutf8_encodeScrip affidavit for Gunn John born August 8 1836 father Donald Gunn Scot mother Margaret Gunn Mtis claim no 105 date of issue May 1 1876 Demande de certificat pour Gunn John ne le 8 aot 1836 pre Donald Gunn Ecossaise mre Margaret Gunn Mtisse no de rclamation 105 date dmission le 1er mai 1876 RG15-D-II-8-a

Scrip affidavit for Gunn, John


Scrip Affidavit for WRG’s mother:

Gunn, Emma (John’s wife, WRG’s mother)

fix_strutf8_encodeScrip affidavit for Gunn Emma wife of John Gunn born July 20 1824 father Wm Garrick Scot mother Nancy Garrick Mtis claim no 106 date of issue May 1 1876 Demande de certificat pour Gunn Emma pouse de John Gunn ne le 20 juillet 1824 pre Wm Garrick Ecossaise mre Nancy Garrick Mtisse no de rclamation 106 date dmission le 1er mai 1876 RG15-D-II-8-a

Scrip affidavit for Gunn, Emma, wife of John Gunn; born: July 20, 1824; father: Wm. Garrick (Scot); mother: Nancy Garrick (Métis); claim no: 106; date of issue: May 1, 1876 = Demande de certificat pour Gunn, Emma, épouse de John Gunn; né(e): le 20 juillet, 1824; père: Wm. Garrick (Ecossais(e)); mère: Nancy Garrick (Métis(se)); no de réclamation: 106; date d’émission: le 1er mai, 1876 RG15-D-II-8-a


Scrip Affidavit for WRG’s grandmother:

Gunn, Margaret (John’s mother, WRG’s grandmother)

wife of Donald Gunn (John’s father, WRG’s grandfather)

fix_strutf8_encodeScrip affidavit for Gunn Margaret Deceased wife of Donald Gunn born April 2 1802 father James Swain English mother Indian died November 28 1870 heirs her children James John Alexander George Donald William who died May 1842 Matilda wife of John Atkinson Margaret wife of John Drane Janet wife of AM Mickle grandchildren of her son William through his daughter who marr RG15-D-II-8-a

Scrip affidavit for Gunn, Margaret Deceased wife of Donald Gunn; born: April 2, 1802


And so, in the university’s 140th year, we can now say to Mr. Gunn, “You’re going to be remembered as the first Métis graduate from the University of Manitoba.”

Gunn will be featured in the current display at Archives & Special Collections as part of The Legacy of Alexander Kennedy Isbister series, along with other records documenting the history of Indigenous students, faculty members, and organizations at the University of Manitoba.    

In planning the exhibit, which launched June 1, Archives & Special Collections continues to learn more about the possible Métis and Indigenous roots of the university’s first students.

Anyone with relevant information is encouraged to contact Archives & Special Collections by email, or message us via Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram.

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